Contemporary Theories and Therapies

Reality Therapy

Client- Centered Therapy
Gestalt Therapy
Transactional Analysis
Reality Therapy
Rational Therapy
Behavior Therapy
Sex Counseling Therapy
Neuro- Lingustic Programming
Milieu Therapy
Muscle Relaxation Approaches
Parental Education/ Effectivness
Hypnosis and Self Hypnosis
Deep Breathing and Imagery Relaxation
Play Therapy
Crisis Intervention
Task- Centered Practice

Dr. William Glasser, M.D.
Dr. William Glasser, M.D.


Reality Therapy is a cognitive-behavioural approach to therapy, counselling and problem solving, which focuses on the here-and-now and how we can plan for a better future, instead of concentrating at length on the past. In a caring, trusting environment clients discover what they really want and whether what they are currently doing (how they are choosing to behave) is actually bringing them nearer to, or further away from, that goal.
It is one of the tenets of Reality Therapy that effective learning must be enjoyable, so this workshop is designed for maximum enjoyment and active participation. Participants will be expected to take part through role-plays and other activities as the workshop will stress the application of Reality Therapy to the participants' specific job situation.

Therapeutic Process

The ESBT model is a flexible therapeutic process based on a theoretical integration of a number of therapeutic models and perspectives:

Limited and collaboratively set realistic goals similar to Reality Therapy (Glasser 1965 & 2000)

Collaborative relationship between therapist and clients similar to Person Centered Therapy (Rogers, 1961)

Rapid and early assessment done by therapist utilizing techniques from Systemic Family Therapy (Bowen, 1978; Haley, 1985; Minuchin & Fishman, 1981; Satir, 1983; Whitaker, 1976)

Focused interventions similar to the Multi-model Behavioral Therapy (Lazarus, 1995)

Staying centered in the “here and now” with the clients similar to Existentialist Therapy (May & Yalom, 1995)

Directed activity accomplished by the clients similar to Cognitive Therapy (Beck, 1976; Ellis & MacLaren, 1998; Meichenbaum, 1997)

Ventilation of emotions similar to the Gestalt Therapy (Perls, 1969)

Teaching how to identify and refute irrational thinking similar to Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) (Ellis & Harper, 1997; Ellis & MacLaren, 1998)

Identifying, challenging and confronting psychological defenses similar to Psychodynamic Therapy (Freud, 1955)

Encouraging personal responsibility taking and accepting the social consequences for one’s actions similar to Adlerian Therapy (Adler, 1930, 1931, 1938)

Creative and efficient use of time

Selection process by which suitable clients who are “light bulbs ready to be turned on” are enrolled in this treatment model (Budman & Gurman, 1988)


Treatment Techniques

Treatment generally pays quite a bit of attention to unconscious motivation and can rely heavily on dream interpretation.

Treatment length can range from 1 to 12 sessions (“brief” psychotherapy), to about 20 sessions (another definition of brief psychotherapy—there’s no real consensus here), to several years.


Thomas Barnett