Historically, learning theory has been the philosophical foundation for behavior therapy even though there has never
been an agreement as to which learning theory is the core of behavior therapy.
Founder/s: Pavlov, (1849-1936), one of the first. E.L. Thorndike (1913), E. R. Guthrie (1935), C.L. Hull (1943), E.C.
Tolman (1932), and B. F. Skinner (1948), J. B. Watson and R. Rauner (1920), and . j. Wolpe (195).
Application of behavior modification principles in clinical settings to assess and alter undesired behaviors such as fear,
anxiety, depression, sexual disorder, and other problems using techniques based on empirical research.
Therapeutic Goal: The main goal in behavior therapy is to change thoughts, feelings and
behaviors of an individual. To bring out the negative attitudes and to develop control over feelings.
Treatment Techniques: Behavior therapy is composed of a wide range of therapy techniques, some of which are more
effective than others. Behavior therapy is to be highly commended for its emphasis on testing the effectiveness of its
treatment techniques. Approaches shwon to be effective that are widely being used include assertiveness training.
Analysis, i.e. What is its "utility
to social work practice"?
Therapists also attempt to establish a working relationship. Once the
behavioral analysis is completed, the findings are discussed with the client, and client and therapist agree on treatment
My sources is the social work dictionary by Robert L. Barker and the practice of Social Work book by Charles H. Zastrow.