Contemporary Theories and Therapies

Behavior Therapy

Client- Centered Therapy
Gestalt Therapy
Transactional Analysis
Reality Therapy
Rational Therapy
Behavior Therapy
Sex Counseling Therapy
Neuro- Lingustic Programming
Milieu Therapy
Muscle Relaxation Approaches
Parental Education/ Effectivness
Hypnosis and Self Hypnosis
Deep Breathing and Imagery Relaxation
Play Therapy
Crisis Intervention
Task- Centered Practice

Historically, learning theory has been the philosophical foundation for behavior therapy even though there has never been an agreement as to which learning theory is the core of behavior therapy.

Founder/s: Pavlov, (1849-1936), one of the first. E.L. Thorndike (1913), E. R. Guthrie (1935), C.L. Hull (1943), E.C. Tolman (1932), and B. F. Skinner (1948), J. B. Watson and R. Rauner (1920), and . j. Wolpe (195). 




Definition/Description:  Application of behavior modification principles in clinical settings to assess and alter undesired behaviors such as fear, anxiety, depression, sexual disorder, and other problems using techniques based on empirical research.  




Therapeutic Goal:  The main goal in behavior therapy is to change thoughts, feelings and behaviors of an individual. To bring out the negative attitudes and to develop control over feelings. 




Treatment Techniques: Behavior therapy is composed of a wide range of therapy techniques, some of which are more effective than others. Behavior therapy is to be highly commended for its emphasis on testing the effectiveness of its treatment techniques. Approaches shwon to be effective that are widely being used include assertiveness training.  





Analysis, i.e. What is its "utility to social work practice"?
        Therapists also attempt to establish a working relationship. Once the behavioral analysis is completed, the findings are discussed with the client, and client and therapist agree on treatment goal.

My sources is the social work dictionary by Robert L. Barker and the practice of Social Work book by Charles H. Zastrow.

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