This tool introduces three useful physical relaxation techniques that can help
you reduce muscle tension and manage the effects of the fight-or-flight response on your body. This is particularly important
if you need to think clearly and perform precisely when you are under pressure.
As with our next tool (self-hypnosis), meditation has a popular image that can lead to it being dismissed as a less-than-serious stress management tool. This
is a shame. Good research has been conducted into meditation that shows it is a useful and practical technique for managing
As with the next two tools, meditation is a good way of relaxing during, and at the end of, a stressful day. It is something
you can learn to do yourself, or may be something you prefer to learn in classes.
The techniques we will look at are Deep Breathing, Progressive Muscular Relaxation and “The Relaxation
Deep breathing is a simple, but very effective, method of
relaxation. It is a core component of everything from the "take ten deep breaths" approach to calming someone down, right
through to yoga relaxation and Zen meditation. It works well in conjunction with other relaxation techniques such as Progressive
Muscular Relaxation, relaxation imagery and meditation to reduce stress.
To use the technique, take a number of deep breaths and relax your body further with each breath. That's
all there is to it!
Progressive Muscular Relaxation
Progressive Muscular Relaxation is useful
for relaxing your body when your muscles are tense.
The idea behind PMR is that you tense up a group of muscles so that they are as tightly contracted as possible.
Hold them in a state of extreme tension for a few seconds. Then, relax the muscles normally. Then, consciously relax the muscles
even further so that you are as relaxed as possible.
By tensing your muscles first, you will find that you are able to relax your muscles more than would be
the case if you tried to relax your muscles directly.
Experiment with PMR by forming a fist, and clenching your hand as tight as you can for a few seconds. Relax
your hand to its previous tension, and then consciously relax it again so that it is as loose as possible. You should feel
deep relaxation in your hand muscles.
The Relaxation Response
‘The Relaxation Response’ is the
name of a book published by Dr Herbert Benson of Harvard University in 1968. In a series of experiments into various popular
meditation techniques, Dr. Benson established that these techniques had a very real effect on reducing stress and controlling
the fight-or-flight response. Direct effects included deep relaxation, slowed heartbeat and breathing, reduced oxygen consumption
and increased skin resistance.
This is something that you can do for yourself by following these steps:
- Sit quietly and comfortably.
- Close your eyes.
- Start by relaxing the muscles of your feet and work up your body relaxing muscles.
- Focus your attention on your breathing.
- Breathe in deeply and then let your breath out. Count your breaths, and say the number of the breath
as you let it out (this gives you something to do with your mind, helping you to avoid distraction).
Do this for ten or twenty minutes.
An even more potent alternative approach is to follow these steps, but to use relaxation imagery instead
of counting breaths in step 5. Again, you can prove to yourself that this works using the biofeedback equipment.